Form 8-K














Date of Report (Date of earliest event reported): May 11, 2020




(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)




Nevada   001-31791   04-3562325

(State or Other Jurisdiction

of Incorporation)



File Number)


(IRS Employer

Identification No.)



(Address of principal executive office) (zip code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (678) 620-3186


(Former name or former address, if changed since last report)



Check the appropriate box below if the Form 8-K filing is intended to simultaneously satisfy the filing obligation of the registrant under any of the following provisions (see General Instruction A.2. below):


Written communications pursuant to Rule 425 under the Securities Act (17 CFR 230.425)


Soliciting material pursuant to Rule 14a-12 under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14a-12)


Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 14d-2(b) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.14d-2(b))


Pre-commencement communications pursuant to Rule 13e-4(c) under the Exchange Act (17 CFR 240.13e-4(c))

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:


Title of each class





Name of each exchange on

which registered

Common Stock $0.001par value per share   GALT   The Nasdaq Capital Market

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933 (§230.405 of this chapter) or Rule 12b-2 of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (§240.12b-2 of this chapter).

Emerging growth company  ☐

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.  ☐





Item 2.02 Results of Operations and Financial Condition.

On May 11, 2020, Galectin Therapeutics Inc. (“Galectin Therapeutics”) issued a press release announcing its results of operations and financial condition as of and for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and provided a business update. Galectin hereby incorporates by reference herein the information set forth in its press release dated May 11, 2020 (the “Press Release”), a copy of which is attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1.

Except for the historical information contained in this report, the statements made by Galectin Therapeutics are forward looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties. All such statements are subject to the safe harbor created by the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. Galectin Therapeutics’ future financial performance could differ significantly from the expectations of management and from results expressed or implied in the Press Release. Forward-looking statements in the Press Release are subject to certain risks and uncertainties described in the Press Release. For further information on other risk factors, please refer to the “Risk Factors” contained in Galectin Therapeutics’ Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2019, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and its subsequent filings with the SEC.

The information in this Item 2.02 is being furnished, not filed, pursuant to Item 2.02 of Form 8-K. Accordingly, the information in Item 2.02 of this report, including the Press Release attached hereto as Exhibit 99.1, will not be incorporated by reference into any registration statement filed by Galectin under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, unless specifically identified therein as being incorporated therein by reference.


Item 9.01 Financial Statements and Exhibits.

(d) Exhibits.


Exhibit Number



99.1    Press Release dated May 11, 2020


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Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, Galectin Therapeutics Inc. has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned hereunto duly authorized.


    Galectin Therapeutics Inc.
Date: May 11, 2020     By:  

/s/ Jack W. Callicutt

      Jack W. Callicutt
      Chief Financial Officer


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Exhibit 99.1

Galectin Therapeutics Reports Financial Results for the Quarter Ended March 31, 2020, and Provides Business Update

NASH-RX Clinical Trial Protocol Filed with FDA; First Patient Currently Expected to be Enrolled in Second Quarter 2020

Filed a New Form S-3 Shelf Registration Statement Which Replaces the Company’s Existing Shelf Registration Statement, which Expires on June 1, 2020

NORCROSS, Ga., May 11, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) – Galectin Therapeutics Inc. (NASDAQ: GALT), the leading developer of therapeutics that target galectin proteins, today reported financial results and provided a business update for the quarter ended March 31, 2020. These results are included in the Company’s Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, which has been filed with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and is available at

Harold H. Shlevin, Ph.D., President and Chief Executive Officer of Galectin Therapeutics, said, “We are excited to have recently submitted the NASH-RX clinical trial protocol to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Taken together, the adaptations in this protocol should optimize conduct of the NASH-RX trial to give belapectin (GR-MD-02) the best opportunity to show a positive therapeutic effect. Most notably, if the results of the NASH-RX trial are compelling, there could be the potential for accelerated FDA approval and/or partnership opportunity with a large pharmaceutical company. While the filing currently anticipates clinical trials will begin in the second quarter of this year, this is a particularly challenging time to start a new clinical trial. Factors beyond our control, specifically related to the COVID-19 pandemic, may delay the trial’s initiation. Notwithstanding that, we remain optimistic in moving forward. The unmet medical need for effective treatment for patients with NASH cirrhosis remains an important motivation.”

Richard E. Uihlein, Chairman of the Board, added, “I am very proud of our entire team at Galectin Therapeutics. Their efforts, along with invaluable assistance from our Co-Primary Investigators and based on input received from the FDA, resulted in a trial protocol which is designed to give our drug the best chance of demonstrating efficacy and safety. Additionally, it should also help to maximize patient retention and enhance participation. Our goal of slowing or otherwise preventing the development of new varices in our target clinical trial patient population, NASH patients with compensated cirrhosis, if attained, can help patients to avoid further cirrhosis complications. These include variceal bleeding and other decompensating events accompanying disease progression, which could ultimately lead to liver failure. Since there are currently no treatment options for NASH cirrhosis, liver transplantation is the only viable option. Alternatively, a reduction in the number of patients who progress to liver failure has the potential to save many lives.”

Belapectin (formerly known as GR-MD-02) is the first drug that has been shown to prevent the development of esophageal varices in patients with compensated NASH cirrhosis. If confirmed, these results would constitute a significant benefit for patients.

NASH-RX Trial Update

The NASH-RX trial will use an adaptive design, confirm dose selection and reaffirm the efficacy data observed in the NASH-CX trial and, with pre-planned adaptations, inform the larger Phase 3 trial component.



The protocol for a seamless adaptively-designed Phase 2b/3 clinical study, the NASH-RX trial, was submitted to the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on April 30, 2020. Details are available at NCT 04365868



The filing currently anticipates clinical trials will begin in the second quarter of this year.



The design of this trial reflects the unmet medical needs of the target patient population for belapectin treatment: NASH patients with compensated cirrhosis who develop esophageal varices. Bleeding varices are a cause of death in about one-third of cirrhotic patients. Currently, there is no approved treatment for preventing varices in these patients. The development of new varices reflects the progression of hepatic cirrhosis and thus portends the development of other cirrhosis complications and outcomes such as significant ascites, hepatic encephalopathy, and eventual liver failure.



In addition on March 31, 2020, the Company also filed with the FDA a protocol for the hepatic impairment study ( NCT04332432), with the study also currently anticipated to begin in the second quarter of this year.

Galectin Therapeutics will share more details about the protocol at the time the clinical trial begins.

Other Updates


Pol F. Boudes, M.D. has now joined the company as Chief Medical Officer, where his background in NASH and other liver disease drug development has proven instrumental to the filing of the NASH-RX protocol and is expected to add significantly to the conduct of the trial.

New Articles Published to the Company’s Website



Shamseddeen H, Vilar-Gomez E, Chalasani N, Myers RP, Subramanian GM, Shlevin HH, Allgood AE, Orman ES (2020) Spontaneous Fluctuations in Liver Biochemistries in Patients with Compensated NASH Cirrhosis: Implications for Drug Hepatotoxicity Monitoring. Drug Safety 43:281–290.


Patients with cirrhosis may have spontaneous fluctuations in liver enzymes, which may confound detection of drug-induced liver injury (DILI), but these fluctuations have not been described.



Study concluded that spontaneous liver enzyme abnormalities are common in patients with NASH cirrhosis in clinical trials, and these abnormalities rarely met criteria for DILI suspicion. Further work to better define these abnormalities and continued vigilance to detect DILI in this population is needed.



Chalasani N, Abdelmalek MF, Garcia-Tsao G, Vuppalanchi R, Alkhouri N, Rinella M, Noureddin M, Pyko M, Shiffman M, Sanyal A, Allgood A, Shlevin H, Horton R, Zomer E, Irish W, Goodman Z, Harrison SA, Traber PG (2019) Effects of Belapectin, an Inhibitor of Galectin-3, in Patients with Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis With Cirrhosis And Portal Hypertension. Gastroenterology S0016-5085(19)41895-7.

Shelf Registration Statement

The Company has filed a “shelf” registration statement on Form S-3 (the “Registration Statement”) with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) for the registration of up to $100.0 million of any combination of shares of the Company’s common stock, warrants, or rights (collectively, the “Securities”). The Registration Statement is being filed to replace the Company’s current “shelf” registration statement, which expires on June 1, 2020.

When the Registration Statement is declared effective by the SEC, Securities may be offered, separately or together, from time to time and in one or more offerings. A prospectus supplement related to the offer and sale of shares of common stock to be sold pursuant to an At The Market Issuance Sales Agreement with H. C. Wainwright & Co., LLC, is included within the Registration Statement. The terms of any other offering, including the specific terms and prices of the Securities, will be determined at the time of such offering and be made solely by means of the prospectus included in the Registration Statement and any prospectus supplement that may be filed with the SEC relating to such offering.

The Registration Statement has been filed with the SEC but has not yet become effective. The Securities may not be sold, nor may offers to buy the Securities be accepted, prior to the time the Registration Statement becomes effective. This press release shall not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy, nor shall there be any sale of the Securities in any state in which such offer, solicitation or sale would be unlawful prior to registration or qualification under the securities law of any such state.

Financial Results

For the three months ended March 31, 2020, the Company reported a net loss applicable to common stockholders of $3.6 million, or ($0.06) per share, compared to a net loss applicable to common stockholders of $9.1 million, or ($0.20) per share for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The decrease is largely due to a one-time, non-cash $6.6 million charge in the period ended March 31, 2019, related to extending the life of warrants held by the holder of the Company’s Series B preferred stock in connection with the conversion of all the Series B preferred stock into common stock, somewhat offset by an increase in 2020 research and development expense related to the Company’s planned NASH-RX trial.

Research and development expense for the three months ended March 31, 2020 was $2.1 million compared with $0.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019. The increase was primarily due to costs related to our NASH-RX clinical trial planning and site start-up and qualification processes globally, along with preparations and some preclinical activities incurred in support of the planned clinical program, such as development and reproductive toxicity studies, clinical supplies and other supportive activities. General and administrative expenses for the three months ended March 31, 2020, were $1.4 million, down from $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2019, primarily due to a decrease in legal expenses partially offset by an increase in insurance expenses.

As of March 31, 2020, the Company had $43.3 million of cash and cash equivalents. The Company also has a $10 million unsecured line of credit, under which no borrowings have been made to date. The Company believes it has sufficient cash, including availability under the line of credit, to fund currently planned operations and research and development activities through at least September 30, 2021.

The Company expects that it will require more cash to fund operations after September 30, 2021 and believes it will be able to obtain additional financing as needed. The total cost to obtain the interim analysis data of the planned trial, including general overhead, is currently estimated to be approximately $125 million; however, the costs and timing of such trial are not yet completely finalized. These costs will require additional funding. There can be no assurance that we will be successful in obtaining financing to support our operations beyond September 30, 2021, or, if available, that any such financing will be on terms acceptable to us.

About Belapectin (GR-MD-02)

Belapectin (GR-MD-02) is a complex carbohydrate drug that targets galectin-3, a critical protein in the pathogenesis of fatty liver disease and fibrosis. Galectin-3 plays a major role in diseases that involve scarring of organs including fibrotic disorders of the liver, lung, kidney, heart and vascular system. The drug binds to galectin proteins and disrupts their function. Preclinical data in animals have shown that GR-MD-02 has robust treatment effects in reversing liver fibrosis and cirrhosis.

About Fatty Liver Disease with Advanced Fibrosis and Cirrhosis

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has become a common disease of the liver with the rise in obesity and other metabolic diseases. NASH is estimated to affect up to 28 million people in the U.S. It is characterized by the presence of excess fat in the liver along with inflammation and hepatocyte damage (ballooning) in people who consume little or no alcohol. Over time, patients with NASH can develop excessive fibrosis, or scarring of the liver, and ultimately liver cirrhosis. It is estimated that as many as 1 to 2 million individuals in the U.S. will develop cirrhosis as a result of NASH, for which liver transplantation is the only curative treatment available. Approximately 8,890 liver transplants are performed annually in the U.S. There are no drug therapies approved for the treatment of liver fibrosis or cirrhosis.

About Galectin Therapeutics

Galectin Therapeutics is dedicated to developing novel therapies to improve the lives of patients with chronic liver disease and cancer. Galectin’s lead drug belapectin (formerly known as GR-MD-02) is a carbohydrate-based drug that inhibits the galectin-3 protein which is directly involved in multiple inflammatory, fibrotic, and malignant diseases, for which it has Fast Track designation by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. The lead development program is in non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) with cirrhosis, the most advanced form of NASH-related fibrosis. This is the most common liver disease and one of the largest drug development opportunities available today. Additional development programs are in treatment of combination immunotherapy for advanced melanoma and other malignancies. Advancement of these additional clinical programs is largely dependent on finding a suitable partner. Galectin seeks to leverage extensive scientific and development expertise as well as established relationships with external sources to achieve cost-effective and efficient development. Additional information is available at

Forward Looking Statements

This press release contains forward-looking statements within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995. These statements relate to future events or future financial performance, and use words such as “may,” “estimate,” “could,” “expect” and others. They are based on management’s current expectations and are subject to factors and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in the statements. These statements include those regarding the hope that Galectin’s development program for belapectin will lead to the first therapy for the treatment of fatty liver disease with

cirrhosis and those regarding the hope that our lead compounds will be successful in cancer immunotherapy and in other therapeutic indications. Factors that could cause actual performance to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements include, among others, that trial endpoints required by the FDA may not be achieved; Galectin may not be successful in developing effective treatments and/or obtaining the requisite approvals for the use of belapectin or any of its other drugs in development; the Company may not be successful in scaling up manufacturing and meeting requirements related to chemistry, manufacturing and control matters; the Company’s currently planned clinical trial and any future clinical studies as modified to meet the requirements of the FDA may not produce positive results in a timely fashion, if at all, and could require larger and longer trials, which would be time consuming and costly; plans regarding development, approval and marketing of any of Galectin’s drugs are subject to change at any time based on the changing needs of the Company as determined by management and regulatory agencies; regardless of the results of any of its development programs, Galectin may be unsuccessful in developing partnerships with other companies or raising additional capital that would allow it to further develop and/or fund any studies or trials. Galectin has incurred operating losses since inception, and its ability to successfully develop and market drugs may be impacted by its ability to manage costs and finance continuing operations. Global factors such as coronavirus may limit access to NASH patient populations around the globe and slow trial enrollment and prolong the duration of the trial and significantly impact associated costs. For a discussion of additional factors impacting Galectin’s business, see the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019, and subsequent filings with the SEC. You should not place undue reliance on forward-looking statements. Although subsequent events may cause its views to change, management disclaims any obligation to update forward-looking statements.

Company Contact:

Jack Callicutt, Chief Financial Officer

(678) 620-3186

Galectin Therapeutics and its associated logo is a registered trademark of Galectin Therapeutics Inc. Belapectin is the USAN assigned name for Galectin Therapeutics’ galectin-3 inhibitor GR-MD-02

Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations


     Three Months Ended
March 31,
     2020     2019  

Operating expenses:


Research and development

   $ 2,144     $ 646  

General and administrative

     1,440       1,721  







Total operating expenses

     3,584       2,367  







Total operating loss

     (3,584     (2,367







Other income (expense):


Interest income

     50       14  

Interest expense

     (22     (22







Total other income

     28       (8







Net loss

   $ (3,556   $ (2,375







Preferred stock dividends

     6       (96







Warrant modification

     —         (6,622







Net loss applicable to common stock

   $ (3,550   $ (9,093







Basic and diluted net loss per share

   $   (0.06)    $   (0.20) 

Shares used in computing basic and diluted net loss per share

     56,956       44,975  

Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheet Data


     March 31, 2020      December 31, 2019  
     (in thousands)  

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 43,328      $ 47,480  

Total assets

     44,111        48,467  

Total current liabilities

     1,316        2,820  

Total liabilities

     1,358        2,872  

Total redeemable, convertible preferred stock

     1,723        1,723  

Total stockholders’ equity

   $ 41,030      $ 43,872